Showing posts from 2020

Embedded Linux won't reboot - how to fix and repair

I have a lot of embedded systems running in our lab or in my home, all of them either as Raspberries or selfmade PCB with Yocto. Sometimes I can't reboot some systems, I think its the journald which causes some issues with SSD Cards, the error-message usually is:
Failed to open /dev/initctl

Anyhow, if you have this issue - a reboot can be force-forced:
systemctl --force --force reboot

Since a forced reboot does not sync the journal, the system typically comes up with a damaged FS. The remote fsck can be initiated by extending the command above with

sudo tune2fs -i 1m /dev/DISK && touch /forcefsck && systemctl --force --force reboot

(assumed you have access to a shell, via SSH or local access). When all goes fine, the system comes up with a clean FS. All this fuss comes from the SSD r/w actions, a well designed IoT embedded devices should have a flash mem part for the running OS.

How to fix "Problem with MergeList /var/lib/apt/lists/"

Sometimes, and more often, an update on RaspberryPi hangs with: "Problem with MergeList ..."
sudo mv /var/lib/apt/extended_states /var/lib/apt/extended_states_tmp && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* -vf && sudo apt-get update

solves the issue.

Kubernetes - delete all pods with a certain status

"How to delete all pods with a status like Error" - that is a question I often get. The DevOps answer is a one-liner, filtering by status.reason and the status we want to query, es example:

kubectl get po -A --all-namespaces -o json | jq '.items[] | select(.status.reason!=null) | select(.status.reason | contains("Evicted")) | "kubectl delete po \( -n \(.metadata.namespace)"' | xargs -n 1 bash -c
In that case we delete all pods with the Status "Evicted". But it works for every status based filtering.

Why I ditched my MacBook and switched to Windows 10

I have to admit, I'm an Apple guy. I had everything, from Pixel books over Pixel phones, Blackberry, One Plus, Google Home, Amazon Fire, Alexa, Surface - but at the end I always ended up in Apple's universe. Apple TV, Home Pod, iPhone, Mac Book, Watch, Earphones.
Hey, not Mac Book anymore. That was my most annoying experience with Apple - a 2 year old MBP 15inch max configuration, worth 3.8k EUR, got the flicker bug. I wrote about in a blog post before. Apple did not recognize that as guarantee, so I sold that over eBay and went to Dell XPS. Long story short.

Now, as a windows hater and open source follower I tinkered 2 weeks or so to get Linux running, ended up with Ubuntu and POP!OS additions. Nice working horse, but - the battery life was not a life, it was a short draining nightmare. Even in standby, lid closed, the battery was empty after one night. That can Apple much better, I have to admit. So I googled, read Reddit and HackerNews and decided yesterday evening to ditch…